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Technical Note for CSO Journal Article Contributors

  1. 1. Abstracts
  • Articles have a summary, separate from the main text, of up to 150 words, which does not have references, and does not contain abbreviations.
  1. 2. Length and  submission style
  • 5-10 pages, about 3000-5000 words
  • have no more than 50 references
  • Contributions should be single-spaced and written in English
  • A4 size, times new Roman character size 12 formats
  • The article generally consists of major parts including

-          Abstracts

-          Background

-          Review of related literature

-          Methods and findings and interpretation

-          Conclusion

-          Recommendation

-          References

  1. 3. References
  • All references listed must be cited in the text, and all text citations must have a reference listed.
  • The in-text citation (usually put in parenthesis) should appear with author’s last names, publication date and page: Eg Cormack (1994, pp.32-33; Smith (1946) and Jones (1948); if more three authors ((Green, Harris and Dunne, 1969); if more than three first author should be used, followed by et al. meaning and others(Eg: Green, et al. (1995)
  • List of references shall be put separately at the end of the text (following notes if any), in alphabetical order.
  • CCRDA CSO Journal follows the Harvard style of referencing following the following pattern: Author, Initials, Year. Title of book. Edition. (only include this if not the first edition) Place of publication (this must be a town or city, not a country): Publisher.


Where 1st edition

-          Baron, D. P., 2008. Business and the organization. Chester: Pearson.

Where 3rd edition

-          Redman, P., 2006. Good essay writing: a social sciences guide. 3rd ed. London: Open University

  • Books with multiple authors

-          Adams, R. J.,Weiss, T.D. and Coatie, J.J., 2010. The World Health Organisation, its history and impact. London: Perseus.

-          Barker, R., Kirk, J. and Munday, R.J., 1988. Narrative analysis. 3rd ed. Bloomington: Indiana University Press.

  • Journal references must include: Author, Initials., Year. Title of article. Full Title of Journal, Volume number (Issue/Part number), Page number(s).


-          Boughton, J.M., 2002. The Bretton Woods proposal: an brief look. Political Science Quarterly, 42(6), p.564.

-          Cox, C., 2002. What health care assistants know about clean hands. Nursing today, Spring Issue, pp.647-85.

Website references shall include: Authorship or Source, Year. Title of web document or web page. [type of medium]  web site address/URL (Uniform Resource Locator)


-          NHS Evidence, 2003. National Library of Guidelines .< guidelinesFinder>

  1. 4. Copy Right
  • The CCRDA shall have a full-copy right ownership for the journals. CCRDA shall reserve the right to use it in hard and soft copy format.

5. Ethical matters and consideration

  • Ethical violations may involve, but are not limited to, copyright violations, republishing, plagiarizing and falsification of date or results, misattribution of authors or misattribution of citations.
  • The contributors of articles and abstracts shall assure the full ownership/co-ownership and entailments of their research works
  • In cases where any claim emerges the contributors shall respond to any quires or claims.
  • Any special citations or mention of others research work shall be duly acknowledged by contributors.
  • Duty in the regard shall be borne by the contributors. Similarly, responses for accuracy in quotations calculation of data and citations shall be the full responsibility of contributors.
  • Contributors shall make declaration of conflict of interests.


Last Updated on Thursday, 10 March 2016 16:20  

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